Architecture Du Jour: Celebration, Florida

Blowhard, Esq. writes:

covercelebration

During my Christmas vacation in central Florida I made an impromptu stop in Celebration, Florida, the Disney-designed town located outside Orlando near Disney World. Having never seen a New Urbanist-inspired town like this in person, I was eager to take a look around. I did no research before arriving and spent maybe 90 minutes total there, so take all of my uninformed observations with a grain of salt.

The first thing that struck me was the town’s liberal use of color, a theme we’ve talked about many times on this blog. Lots of pastels that recall the Art Deco buildings in Miami.

I’ve always admired the posters and graphic design at Disneyland, and I liked the signage here too.

All of the buildings above were at major intersections. The smaller businesses have modest, unobtrusive signage like in Santa Barbara, CA.

A downtown apartment building.

A fancier apartment complex located among single-family homes in the residential area.

moreapts

Ponds and lakes abound in swampy Florida. They’re everywhere. Downtown is built around one.

Lots of streams and rivers in the state too, which the designers also integrated nicely into the city. Or maybe I should say the city was integrated nicely into them.

A rounded, inviting park entrance.

park1

While reading the Wikipedia entry, I was surprised to learn that a number of major architects — including Michael Graves, Philip Johnson, Robert A.M. Stern, Robert Venturi, and Denise Scott Brown — all contributed buildings to the town. I guess their participation gave the project some cred and was perhaps an attempt to head-off the inevitable kitsch criticism. Below is the Streamline Moderne-by-way-of-postmodernism movie theater designed by Cesar Pelli. It looked like it was out of business.

After wandering around downtown, I headed down Celebration Ave. to check out the homes. I was impressed by their visual appeal. The dominant styles seemed to be Colonial, Victorian, and Plantation. The architects really like dormer windows, don’t they?

Alleys between houses, a New Urbanist revival if I recall correctly, are prominently featured.

alley

A few of the homes on the main drag were noticeably empty.

homesforsale

A few shots of the sidewalks. The streets are designed to protect pedestrians: one narrow lane of traffic each way and parallel parking on the street to create a buffer between moving cars and pedestrians. Cars are limited to 25 mph in the residential area. Parking lots are located behind, not in front of, any buildings. Tree-lined streets. All of these elements make for a pleasant, relaxed stroll.

You can never have too many trees.

street1

So what’s my final verdict: creepy Stepford city or traditionalist triumph? A little bit of the former and a lot of the latter. I was there on a Tuesday afternoon but, as the pictures show, the town seemed underpopulated. The lack of bustle and too-scrubbed cleanliness gave it the air of a film set. Everything has that slightly oppressive (or perhaps largely oppressive, depending on who you are) family fun wholesomeness that the Mouse is known for. I’m sure the covenants, conditions, and restrictions that homeowners must agree to make the average HOA look like libertarian seasteaders. There is no bohemian quarter and no doubt the ethnic restaurants are inauthentic cultural appropriators. Looked at from this angle, I can see why a lot of people won’t like it.

But, on the other hand, the fact that it’s not perfect is hardly much of a criticism. Celebration is a huge improvement over the average suburban development. What it lacks in organic funkiness it makes up in other ways: prioritizing people over cars, it’s human scaled, extremely walkable, has a well-defined commercial core, and contains lots of pleasing, varying details. It has the charm and coziness that so many other listlessly efficient suburban neighborhoods ignore. In my ideal world zoning codes across the country would be rewritten to emphasize its best traits.

manhole

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About Blowhard, Esq.

Amateur, dilettante, wannabe.
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3 Responses to Architecture Du Jour: Celebration, Florida

  1. Fenster says:

    I wonder if it has been used in any feature films yet. At least the place would get some use.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. slumlord says:

    Andrew Ross, a sociologist, lived in Celebration for a year and wrote a book about the experience. I found this interview of his fascinating and it brings up several reservations I have with regard to the New Urbanism. A interview with him, in the Atlantic, can be found here.

    I thought this quote particularly intersting.

    It’s because of sociological behavior, and that’s where sociologists will say that the New Urbanists overstate their thesis. Urban planners are like any professional fraternity; literary critics think that language determines the world, biologists think that biology determines the world, and urban planners obviously think that their design determines the world. It doesn’t, and what you’ve pointed out is a very good example of that. People don’t use the porches, they don’t walk as much as they could. But the option is there, and I think at least that’s an advance.

    Liked by 1 person

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